Episode 5: LAST X LATEST / TO LAST / LAST X IN THE LAST / AT LAST
Hey guys! Welcome to our ENGLISH BITES – The simplest, easiest and best way to practice your listening – the only one that is 100% created, executed and delivered from me to you – This is Erika Belmonte speaking and I’ll be more than pleased to be here with you guys three times a week and I’m pretty sure we’ll have a great time together – because more than learning and improving your English, I also want you to have some fun through a very exclusive content.
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2017 is almost over. Today is the last Friday of the year… Sunday will be the last day of the year. Since we are on the subject, let’s talk more about the word LAST and its different meanings and uses.
I’m going to talk about:
- The difference between LAST X LASTEST
- When you should use LAST and IN THE LAST
I’m also going to talk about
- the verb TO LAST
- And the expression AT LAST
If you already know the answers, take the opportunity to review them and practice your listening at the same time. If they’re all new to you, pay attention! They’re all really important and very common in English.
Let’s get it started! LAST X LATEST. What’s the difference?
It’s easy to make a mistake when you don’t know or understand the difference between these two words. They seem to be same or used in the same way but they are not, let’s check it out.
Both are adjectives. They’re qualities.
We use LAST when something or someone is placed after all others. It is the same as FINAL. There’s nothing else after it. It’s done. It’s over. For example:
- I read the last page of the book.
- He ate the last piece of chocolate.
- That was the last time I saw my dog.
Ok, let’s get something real… Do you guys remember Matrix? Yeah, the movie:
- This is your last chance, after this, there’s no turning back. You take the blue pill, the story ends, you wake up in your bed and believe whatever you want to believe. You take the red pill – you stay in Wonderland and I show you how deep the rabbit-hole goes.
That was Morpheus speaking btw.
Alright. What about LATEST?
Guys, LATEST means the most recent, up-to-date, the newest. We have the opposite meaning here: something else here – newer, better, more modern, more high-tech, I don’t know..
If I say: “George Clooney’s latest movie was amazing”, it means it’s the most recent movie but it implies he’s still going to act again. We’ll still watch other movies featuring George Clooney.
But if I say: “George Clooney’s last movie was amazing” it seems he’s not going to be an actor anymore, we’re not gonna see him in any movie, play, tv show or anything because he decided to get retired.
More examples with LATEST
- Find out the release date, price and latest news on Iphone X.
- Did you watch Katy Perry’s latest video clip?
- The latest episode of Stranger Things was awesome.
- My latest post on Instagram was about pronunciation.
Did you get the difference between LAST and LATEST?
Now let’s talk about the difference between LAST AND IN THE LAST. Why do we use a preposition in one case and not in the other one?
Straight to the point: when I say, “LAST WEEK”/ “LAST YEAR” / “LAST SEMESTER” it means it’s complete, it’s over. We should use SIMPLE PAST in this case.
Today is Friday. So, last week means: it started on Monday and ended on Sunday (or it started on Sunday and ended on Saturday if you prefer like that).
Last month means November. Last year means 2016
- I called my friends last week.
- She traveled to Hawaii last year.
- My aunt studied in California last semester.
IN THE LAST WEEK / MONTH / YEAR means it’s not over yet. It’s not even clear when it started. In other words:
IN THE LAST WEEK = IN THE LAST 7 DAYS (considering today – from I don’t know, Thursday to Friday)
IN THE LAST MONTH = IN THE LAST 30 DAYS (from Nov to Dec)
IN THE LAST YEAR = IN THE LAST 365 DAYS (in other words 2016 AND 2017 ARE INVOLVED).
And guess what? We have to use PRESENT PERFECT here! Yeaaah! Did you guys miss our little best friend?
- I haven’t exercised a lot in the last month.
- I’ve been to the movies three times in the last month.
- Have you traveled abroad in the last year?
Now let’s talk about the verb TO LAST. Have you ever heard of this verb before? Yeah, there’s a verb TO LAST in English and it has nothing to do with the words we’ve been talking so far.
TO LAST is the same as to continue to exist or happen for some time.
- The game only lasted 40 minutes.
- His marriage lasted 3 months because his wife cheated on him.
- Enjoy it because it won’t last much longer.
TO LAST is also used when something continues being good or suitable:
- How long is this new fridge going to last?
- This earring should last a lifetime if you take care of it.
- The Spanish course is going to last 3 years.
Oh, and the past of the verb TO LAST is LASTED. Again, LASTED. It’s not /léstedi/ – It’s /lés td/
And the last meaning is the expression AT LAST. AT LAST, or AT LONG LAST means in the end, after a long delay, for example:
- Oh, there he is at last!
- You’ve come back to me at last!
- At last the train arrived in the station
- I’m so glad that we’ve found you at last.
So, that’s it guys. It was not a daily routine topic or a simple conversation with you all but you know, I believe it’s important to change, bring some different and useful content
THANK YOU SO MUCH for all your support and for listening to this English bite. If there’s anyone you know that would like to receive our English Bites, please guide them to clubedoingles.com/whatapp so they can subscribe and receive our English bites as well. Take care of yourselves and I’ll see you on the next one. Bye