Hey guys! Welcome to our ENGLISH BITES – The simplest, easiest and best way to practice your listening – the only one that is 100% created, executed and delivered from me to you – This is Erika Belmonte speaking and I’ll be more than pleased to be here with you guys three times a week and I’m pretty sure we’ll have a great time together – because more than learning and improving your English, I also want you to have some fun through a very exclusive content.
Oh…. One more thing, in case you need the transcription of this English Bite, please go to www.clubedoingles.com/englishbites and look for the episode number 22.
And today is the last episode of PRONUNCIATION – WORDS ENDING IN -OUS. I’m going to explain the meaning and also help you guys with the pronunciation of the last 20 words from that list we had last week. I’m so glad to know you guys liked this type of Bite. My suggestion for this type of exercise is that you guys take note of each word and write an example (your example) to help you memorize the word faster and yes, say the word out loud. Listen to every word carefully and repeat repeat and repeat.
Alright so, so let’s get it started because we have a bunch of words to study today.
Anonymous is the same as unknown or unnamed. If you don’t want people to know you did something, so you will be anonymous in the situation. If you see something, say something and you can remain anonymous if you wish. I can also say that I received a couple anonymous calls last night and it really scared me.
- JOYOUS means extremely happy. Joy and Happy are synonyms, for example, we’re planning to have a joyous celebration of life. Or We’re living a very joyous moment in Europe with our whole family together.
- RAVENOUS You can say you’re ravenous when you’re feeling extremely hungry. A great synonym for that word would be STARVING which I would tell you it’s much more common. An example? Aren’t you ravenous? You haven’t eaten all day.
- PROSPEROUS – I love that word. If you’re having financial success or good fortune you can say, for instance, you’re having a prosperous business or life… You may also say you work in a prosperous place. That’s what I wish you guys: a very prosperous year – for all of us actually.
- HAZARDOUS – Another interesting word but this one I’d say I like the pronunciation itself. Guys, if something is hazardous it means it is dangerous, especially for someone’s safety or even health. It is risky, uncertain… Any simple task or situation may become hazardous like an occupation, a virus, a journey, some chemical products, sharp objects… Let me give you an example: Passive smoking is really hazardous to your health.
- INSTANTANEOUS If something is instantaneous, it means it happens very fast or faster than you imagine. It happens immediately, like, his death was instantaneous. Or he took some instantaneous actions to solve that problem.
- METICULOUS That’s the adjective you use when someone has an excessive care and puts too much attention to details. A great synonym that you guys should actually memorize is the word THOROUGH which is also very common in English. My sister is a really meticulous person about everything. Do you know any meticulous person? Would you say you are a meticulous one?
- MONSTROUS We can use this word in many different situations but they all have a very negative aspect. For instance, if you’re describing something as monstrous, it means it is absurdly big in a way you feel bothered… It’s unpleasant to see. You can have a monstrous acne for instance or a monstrous laundry basket… I don’t know. You can also use monstrous for situations and in this case, it means it’s shocking or even unfair. Those teenagers are having such a monstrous behavior. I can’t believe they were capable of doing that. If something is monstrous, it means it’s frightening because it’s ugly or unnatural like an animal, a character…..
- NAUSEOUS If something is nauseous it means you’re feeling as if you might vomit.
Could be the stomach flu (because you ate something that was not good) or too much food before a roller-coaster ride. There’s always a sickness bag in airplanes in case you feel nauseous. Some medications may also make you feel nauseous.
- CONTAGIOUS Again we can use this word in two different situations. The meaning is the same but the contexts are different. The first one, you use in case someone conducts exciting emotions like enthusiasm, happiness, laughter and so on. Contagious may also be used in situations where people get infected by the transmission of a disease through a direct or indirect contact. For example: be careful, that’s a very contagious disease.
- LUMINOUS That’s a very common word in the beauty world. Shampoo, makeup, hair care or oral care products… They usually bring this word in their label. A great example is the COLGATE MAX WHITE LUMINOUS TOOTHPASTE (I’ll leave a picture in the transcription file so you can understand better what I’m talking about). So first of all, the pronunciation LUMINOUS, not LUMINOUS. Now, the meaning: LUMINOUS means very very bright or depending on the case, clear or enlightening like an explanation or a presentation. We can say a cat has luminous eyes, that the room was luminous with the sunlight….
- NOTORIOUS – Be careful here. If something is notorious, it means it is famous for something bad like a notorious criminal or a gangster for instance. One more example? I can say this place is pretty notorious for drugs, crime and violence so be careful here.
- You should say something is numerous when it is present in large numbers. For instance, she tried numerous attempts to diet but they all failed because she was not focused. If something consists of many parts, you can also use numerous, like a numerous collection, a numerous group and so on….
- PROMISCUOUS – A promiscuous person is someone who is not restricted to one sexual partner. It is someone who decides to have a lot of sexual relationships with different partners. We also use this word for situations when we don’t restrict a specific class or person like, that was a very promiscuous selection of songs for the event. But regarding the first meaning, you can say: Your cousin was so promiscuous in her youth. Thank God she changed this behavior.
- RANCOROUS If you’re rancorous, it means you’re very very angry and you’re full of bitterness like that girl had a rancorous attitude towards the whole situation. People say we shouldn’t be rancorous cause it does more harm than good and I strongly believe it.
- ADVENTUROUS – Adventurous people are usually characterized by not being concerned with the dangers and risks that a situation might offer. It may also be used when you want to seek adventure and discover the new and unknown. Let’s see some examples: Jason is an adventurous businessman, he’s always looking for new opportunities. Entrepreneurs are adventurous people, don’t you think?
- TREMENDOUS – We use that adjective to describe how strong a quality or a feeling is or even, how large an amount is like a tremendous number of people, tremendous problems, tremendous talent, tremendous delay and so on. When someone is really good and what he or she does, you can also use it: He was a tremendous person.
- SCANDALOUS – If something is scandalous, it means it’s considered immoral and shocking. The high price of gas is scandalous in Brazil right now or Don’t tell her this secret otherwise it would be a scandalous situation.
- SCRUMPTIOUS – Another very awesome word I love. Scrumptious means delightful means excellent, delicious…. I made a scrumptious chocolate cake last night.
- And the last word: CRIMINOUS – Guys, criminous is an old word for CRIMINAL which is much more common nowadays ok? But some books or even movies still bring the adjective criminous so have in mind it is the same is criminal alright? What he did to her was not criminous to be really honest. You can check!
Great job guys! So we’re done working hard on our 60 word-list. It’s a big list, yeah, but you could notice what I did right? 60 words and I broke them into 4 moments: one focusing on the pronunciation and the other three bites, we had each word, meaning, examples and again, pronunciation – 20 words in each list. We are not machines… We need time to process the whole information and actually, we not only need time but consistency and methodology. You need to help your brain stick to the information.
So that’s it for today guys. THANK YOU SO MUCH for all your support and for listening to this English bite. If you have any suggestion, anything you’d like to learn from our English Bites, please let me know alright?
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Take care of yourselves and I’ll see you on the next one. Bye